A lot of dogs have less-than-perfect leash manners. It’s not a behavior that happens naturally – there’s nothing in a dog’s DNA to prepare him for having a collar put around his neck and be tied to a human when Rex would rather be running around exploring and sniffing. Good leash manners require training and training takes time. With some dogs a LOT of time. Being human, we want the “fast food” version – the quick fix! So we look to equipment to help us out.
A lot of folks use a chain Slip Collar to walk their dog. I grew up calling this a “choke” collar; not sure if that’s what they used to be called, or if we just tagged it with a description of what it usually does. When a dog is allowed to pull against the leash, the slip collar becomes a noose cutting off the airway. It can cause permanent damage, and yet doesn’t truly provide a deterrent if your dog pulls as you walk him. A dog’s instinctive reaction when feeling pressure (even around his neck) is to LEAN INTO the pressure. Rex just doesn’t make the association (unless we teach him) that the pressure he’s causing by pulling against the leash is what’s making it hard to breathe.
When the Slip Collar doesn’t work, some pull out a Pinch collar. It has pronged links that are supposed to “pinch” into his neck if Rex pulls. Most people assume that the dog will stop pulling because it will hurt, but just like with the Slip collar the dog simply becomes used to the discomfort – even of having what amounts to linked barbed wire around his neck — and forges on ahead.
Dogs don’t feel the same degree of pain that we would if those collars were used on us. Many dogs have thick fur and/or skin around their neck, and others have lots of neck muscle that they tense-up to absorb the pressure of either type collar. Most dogs that really need some help learning leash manners have a high tolerance for pain – what used to be called “hard” dogs. In addition, a dog with poor leash manners doesn’t get walked very often. So when Rex does get out, he’s so over-excited that huge quantities of adrenaline pump into his system further deadening pain reactions. It doesn’t mean there isn’t pain, just that the dog can handle it. In addition, any being’s tolerance for pain becomes greater and greater the more they experience. Allow Rex to pull against one of these collars and he’ll gradually pull more and more as his nerves build up how much they can take.
If the handler decides to use one of these collars — and in my mind it’s a big “if” — they have been designed to be use in active correction, not as a passive deterrent. The FIRST time Rex has a Slip or Pinch collar on, and the FIRST time he forges ahead, BEFORE he can pull against it, the handler is supposed to jerk up on the leash in a forceful manner AND INFLICT PAIN. How much pain depends on if you have a “hard” or a “soft” dog, but in either case, to use it correctly, the handler must HURT THE DOG badly enough for it to remember and not want to feel that pain again. Supposedly, the next time the dog tried to forge ahead, the sound of the chain slipping against the links as you pull up should be enough to remind Rex of the pain and make him stay at your side. There’s a little more to it than that, but the point I’m trying to make is that those collars are designed so the handler can actively punish the dog with pain to keep him in line.
I don’t like to use punishment- and pain-based training. I think it destroys the bond between you and your dog. Also, why should a dog look forward to training when it’s going to hurt – even if only sometimes? And I really don’t like using a collar in a way that will still harm the dog and not prevent him from pulling anyway!
If you use a Slip Collar out of fear that Rex will slip out of his collar, there are other products that work better, like a Martingale Collar. If fitted properly, a Martingale tightens right down to the skin, but doesn’t become a noose to strangle the dog. Or use a harness. Most dogs pull less on a harness for various reasons and it also gives the handler a lot more control than something just around the neck. Gentle Leader head-collars are great and work very well. However be warned they not magic – you really have to spend time teaching the dog to accept the collar and training yourself in a whole new way of walking your dog.
When it comes right down to it, there is no “quick fix” except early, frequent and consistent leash-training. Different types of collars, head collars and harnesses have different applications and all require an active effort at training from the handler. I prefer to those that don’t hurt the dog. Both Slip Collars and Pinch Collars are designed to hurt Rex and if used incorrectly will STILL hurt him, perhaps worse.